Aeshma (Eshm) Fiend of the Wounding Spear


Is a Pairaka, the fiend of the wounding spear. She is
the personification of violence. She is Father Ahriman’s
arm of wrath and revenge. She
carries the “Spear of Destiny” which
wounds the soul.

The demon’s chief adversary however is Sraosha “Obedience”, the principle of religious devotion and discipline. The opposition between religious obedience and distraction from it is also expressed in the Yasna 10.8’s portrayal of Aeshma as the metaphysical endangerment of the Good Religion. Aeshma distracts from proper worship, distorting “the intention and meaning of sacrifice through brutality against cattle and violence in war and drunkenness.

Hymn to Aeshma I

Greatest, Unconquered
Boisterous Aeshma,
In spears rejoicing, and bloody wars
Fierce and calculating
Whose mighty strength can make
All walls fall
From their foundation:
Mortal Killing Daeva
Defiled with pious blood
Lover of War
Dreadful and tumultuous battle cry:
For you, human blood, and swords,
And spears delight,
And the dire ruin of mad savage war.
Stay furious contests,
Avenging strife,
You work with Woe,
Vexing and destroying human life;
To Lovely Aka Manah, to Ahzi Dahaka yield,
To Melek Taus give
Hard weapons to kill,
Peace through domination
And give abundance,
With benignant mind.

Hymn to Aeshma II

Aeshma, exceeding in strength, mirror-
helmed, black hearted
O defender of Arezura, Daeva of war like victory
Who whirls your fiery spear through the veil
of Zurvan
Hear me, helper of the wicked, giver of
dauntless youth
Shed a drop of blood upon us for the
strength of War
So I may drive away bitter cowardice
Crush down the deceitful men of piousness
Start aflame the burning fury in my heart to
Others to the ways of blood curdling strife
O Aeshma, give the boldness to strike down
The worshipers of Ahura Mazda with
The violent fiends of death

9 thoughts on “Aeshma (Eshm) Fiend of the Wounding Spear

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